The history of Portugal is marked by significant events that contributed to the country’s influence in the world. During the Middle Ages, Portugal was a small country on the Iberian Peninsula. However, in the 15th century, under the leadership of Infante Dom Henrique de Avis, the country began an era of exploration and discovery that changed the course of history.
Exploration and Discovery:
The Portuguese were pioneers in long-distance navigation, developing advanced ships, accurate cartography, and navigation techniques. This allowed them to explore trade routes towards Africa, Asia, and South America. The conquest of Ceuta in 1415 marked the beginning of Portuguese explorations. Bartolomeu Dias circumnavigated the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, opening the route to India. In 1498, Vasco da Gama arrived in Calicut, India, inaugurating a new era of trade between Portugal and the riches of the East.
In 1500, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived in Brazil, inaugurating a process of colonization that lasted for more than three centuries. From then on, Portugal established colonies in various parts of the world, such as Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe, Macau, and East Timor.
Portuguese influence in culture, religion, and language is evident in many countries. The Portuguese language is spoken by more than 220 million people worldwide, making it one of the most important languages in the world. The influence of Portuguese culture is seen in many aspects, such as music, literature, cuisine, architecture, religion, and traditions.
Examples of Cultural Influence:
Portuguese fado is a popular and unique music that has influenced music in many countries. Portuguese architecture, with its tiles and patterns, is seen in many places, including Brazil and Goa.
In summary, the history of Portugal is marked by exploration and discovery that led to great influence of the country in the world. Portuguese influence can be seen in many aspects of daily life in many countries around the world, such as language, culture, religion, architecture, and cuisine. The history of Portugal continues to influence the world today.